First secretary of the US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Oveta was a graduate of the University of Texas Law School, and served as parliamentarian of the Texas House of Representatives from 1925–31. She went to work for the Houston Post and by 1938 was executive vice president. In 1941 she helped to develop plans for the Women’s Army Corps and was appointed to director and then was promoted to Colonel. After the war, Hobby resigned her commission to return to the Post as coeditor and publisher, did broadcasting work, and remained active in politics even helping elect Dwight D. Eisenhower. As a result, she became the first secretary of HEW and the second woman to hold a U.S. Cabinet position.