Annie G. Fox
Lieutenant, US Army
First woman to receive a Purple Heart
Annie was an officer in the US Army Nurse Corps. She was on duty as chief nurse at Hickman Field, Oahu, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. For her “outstanding performance of duty and meritorious acts of extraordinary fidelity…” she was awarded the Purple Heart.
On October 6, 1944, 1st Lieutenant Fox was awarded the Bronze Star Medal. The Report of Decorations Board cited the same acts of heroism as those cited for the Purple Heart. The last paragraph of the report reads:
“The Bronze Star Medal is in lieu of the Purple Heart awarded. . . Since Lieutenant Fox was not wounded in action. Cancellation of the award of the Purple Heart is also recommended.” The recommendation of the board was approved.
Learn more at the following links:
- Voices of Education Article
- National Archives and Records Administration